Therme Art Program

Art in Architecture – How Art Can Liberate Architecture

Current events show the necessity of a complete revolution in how we design and build. Inspired by the Serpentine Pavilion Programme, this session focused on the relationship between art and architecture, emphasising the systemic change that can be brought about by fostering greater exchange between these two distinct fields.

To understand this, we need to consider our world as a confluence of various co-functioning systems. In the theory of social systems set out by Niklas Luhmann, complex systems are in constant interaction with other complex systems. If a system is not complex enough, however, it is unable to communicate with other systems. This is an important lesson for our contemporary world.

Despite technological sophistication, we can see that our built environment is not complex. In comparison to a tree, even the most elaborate human structure looks crude. This is because human architecture is disconnected and locked in a self-referential system (as introduced by Humberto Maturana into the theory of social systems). Simplistic and self-generative, it is incapable of communicating with highly complex systems like nature. For architecture, nature has only ever been a resource: a means of creating more of the same.

This is where art comes in. Understood as a mode of thought, art has a complexity that architecture, as a mostly practical discipline, does not. Art opens perception. As a complex system, it involves a boundless field of interests. Art is constantly learning and updating in interaction with other systems. Because of this, its lessons for architecture are immense.

The 2019 Serpentine Pavilion by Junya Ishigami

2019 Serpentine Pavilion by Junya Ishigami

2018 Serpentine Pavilion by Frida Escobedo

In our fragmented world, where architecture needs to constantly react to changing social and economic conditions, and to apply nature as a working principle, architecture must now look to art. As a complex system, art can be the main point of connection between architecture and nature, allowing the creation of sustainable built environments in real communication with the natural world.

The Serpentine Pavilion Programme shows the success that can be gained from looking to art. With an artist’s approach, Junya Ishigami’s 2019 Pavilion embodied an architecture in complete symbiosis with the complexity of nature. In 2018, Frida Escobedo’s Pavilion demonstrated the power of architecture to illuminate social and political systems once allowed the freedom of art. This is the kind of architecture demanded by our contemporary world.

Guiding our conversation, these examples highlight the power of art in lending depth and complexity to our built environments. Led by art, architecture can transform knowledge, making nature our technology, and ensuring the future wellbeing of all.

Key Questions

1. How can architecture become more liberated from its social functions?

2. How do we create architecture with both functional and artistic intent?

3. How and where do artists fit into urbanism/design processes?

4. How can art act as a connector between human design and organic life?

5. Will designing built environments with nature as a starting point help to break down some of these constraints within architecture?



Stefano Boeri (Architect and Urban Planner)
Torkwase Dyson
Frida Escobedo (Architect)
Junya Ishigami (Architect)
Sumayya Vally (Architect, Counterspace)

Keynote Speaker

Hans Ulrich Obrist (Artistic Director, Serpentine Galleries)


Mikolaj Sekutowicz (CEO and Curator, Therme Art)

Wellbeing Culture Forum

The Wellbeing Culture Forum is a series of discussions in virtual environments catalysed by the present pandemic. Gathering experts from diverse fields, the series fosters the necessary collaboration and knowledge transfer to realise a vision of the city and its cultural activity in symbiosis with the natural world, generating a holistic approach towards the health of humanity. The series was initiated by Therme Art and curated by Mikolaj Sekutowicz, who is co-hosting each panel discussion together with various partners and partner institutions from the private and public sector.

The Wellbeing Culture Forum hosts diverse conversations about culture which are designed to create ‘insights for action’ culminating in the creation of a Wellbeing City Manifesto. This will be made freely available worldwide, for individuals and organisations to implement and influence positive cultural change.


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